A.D. 1060 x 1061 (? 1061). Writ of King Edward declaring that he has granted to his priest Giso the bishopric at Wells and everything pertaining thereto, with sake and with soke, as fully and completely as ever it was held by Bishop Duduc or any bishop before him. English and Latin versions




1. Wells, DC., Liber Albus I, ff. 2-64, f. 14r (s. xiii med.; English)
2. Wells, DC., Liber Albus I, ff. 2-64, f. 14v (s. xiii med.; Latin)


Hickes, Inst. Gramm., pp. 160-1; K, 835; Mon. Angl. (rev. edn), ii. 286 (no. 4); Thorpe, p. 387

Printed and Translated:

Harmer, Writs, no. 64 (p. 277); Councils and Synods, no. 76 (pp. 547-8)


Harmer, Writs, pp. 272, 486-7, authentic; Finberg, ECW, no. 534, authentic; Councils and Synods, pp. 546-7; Keynes 1988, pp. 203, 216 n. 183, on formulation; Crosby 1994, pp. 48-50, on background; Keynes 1997, pp. 227-8, 240, 255, on Giso and background, cf. S 1102.

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    • Eadward king gret Harold erl 7 Aylno∂ abbot 7 Godwine schyrereuen 7 alle mine ˇeynes on Sumerseten frendliche. And ich cy∂e eow ˇat ich habbe geunnan Gisan minan presteo ˇes bissopriche her mid eow and alre ˇare ˇinge ˇas ˇe ˇær mid richte to gebyra∂ on wode and on felde, mid saca 7 mid sokna, binnan porte 7 butan swo ful 7 swo forth swo Duduc bissop oˇer any bissop hit formest him toforen hauede on ællen ˇingan. And gif her ani lond sy out of ˇan bissopriche gedon ich wille ˇæt hit cume in ongeæn other ˇæt man hit ofgo on hise gemode swo man with him hit finde mage. And ich bidde eou allen ˇat ge him fulstan to driuan Godes gerichte lock huer hyt neod sy and heo eowwer fultumes biˇurfe. And ich nelle nanne man geˇefien ˇat him vram honde teo anige ˇare ˇinge ˇas ˇe ich him unnen habben.